Childhood Stress and Adult Fear, Anxiety and Depression – by Edward Ziff

    Inevitably in life, we encounter threats to our well-being, and indeed some threats may challenge our very survival. In order to survive, we must be prepared to cope with such threats and adversities. Fortunately, the brain can help us by mobilizing protective programs that recruit the help of… Continue lendo…

Epigenetics: a window within which Lamarckian evolution can operate-by Edward Benjamin Ziff

  Two theories, Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection and the Central Dogma, have dominated our thinking about evolution and genes for the last 50 years. The Theory of Natural Selection holds that variants arise in the population through random mutation, and that these variants are the substrate for selective pressures… Continue lendo…

Awaiting the New Neurobiology, by Edward Ziff

Evolutionary biology is undergoing a revolution, or in fact, its third revolution. Surprisingly, this revolution has profound implications for understanding the brain. The first evolutionary biology revolution came with the Charles Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection, which provided a mechanism for how traits could become more or less common in… Continue lendo…